Urological conditions include conditions of the:

  • male and female urinary system
  • male reproductive system
  • female pelvic floor

The urinary system includes the:

  • kidneys and ureters which comprise the upper urinary tract
  • bladder, prostate gland and urethra which comprise the lower urinary tract

The male reproductive system consists of the:

  • prostate gland
  • seminal vesicles
  • ejaculatory ducts
  • testicles and epididymis

The female pelvic floor consists of muscle and connective tissue which hold in place and support the pelvic organs, and plays a significant role in urinary and fecal continence.

Conditions of the genitourinary system may be due to:

  • Infections (pyelonephritis, cystitis, epididymitis, orchitis, prostatitis)
  • Stones (kidney, ureter, bladder)
  • Malignant neoplasms (may afflict any of the organs of the genitourinary system)
  • Congenital conditions (ureteropelvic junction obstruction, congenital conditions of the urethra and the external genitalia)
  • Genital skin conditions
  • Pelvic floor dysfunction (urinary incontinence)
  • Dysfunction of the organs and systems involved in erectile function and ejaculation

Finally, urinary system conditions can result from increasing age (benign prostatic hyperplasia, low testosterone levels in aging men)