Prevention is the search for a health problem through diagnostic tests, prior to its development and symptom manifestation.
Nowadays, prevention constitutes the most effective and modern approach to disease management.
The aim of prevention is the early detection of a disease or injury and its effective treatment.
In this way, several diseases affecting millions of people each year can be treated.
Research data have demonstrated that screening tests can reduce life-threatening risk factors, bring about lifestyle changes, and limit the likelihood of developing a disease.
The types of prevention are:
- Primary prevention: relating to measures taken in order to avoid the development of the disease, e.g. vaccination
- Secondary prevention: relating to timely diagnosis after the development of the disease
- Tertiary prevention: relating to the reduction of the complications caused by the disease
Since primary prevention is the most important and the most effective type of prevention, it should receive special attention.