Urogenital oncology deals with the surgical treatment and therapy of neoplasms of the genitourinary system such as:
- Prostate cancer
- Bladder cancer
- Renal cancer
- Renal pelvis and ureter cancer
- Testicular cancer
- Penile cancer
The treatment of the abovementioned neoplasms can be either:
By a urologist when a surgical procedure is required such as:
- Transurethral resection of bladder tumor
- Radical cystectomy
- Radical prostatectomy
- Radical nephrectomy
- Radical nephroureterectomy
By an oncologist for follow-up or provision of supplementary treatment following the surgical procedure if this is required.
In recent years the use of minimally invasive techniques such as endoscopy, laparoscopy or robot-assisted surgery for the treatment of the genitourinary system has become widespread.