Infertility is the inability to procreate after a period of at least one year of regular sexual intercourse.
15% of couples are infertile.
In 50% of cases, this is due to a problem in the man.
The diseases causing male infertility are usually asymptomatic and are only diagnosed after the couple fails to conceive.
Male infertility prevention is focused on those factors negatively affecting a man’s sperm quality and consequently his fertility.
General precautions against male infertility:
- Smoking cessation
Tobacco ingredients and paper burning products increase the “oxidative stress” in germ cells, and result in the reduction of the reproductive activity of semen.
- Weight loss
Obesity has a negative impact on seminal parameters. This is possibly due to hormonal changes taking place due to body fat increase.
- Mediterranean diet rich in antioxidants
- Radiation exposure avoidance
- Anabolic intake avoidance
Testosterone, in particular, is one of the greatest enemies of fertility
- Increased testicular temperature avoidance
Testicles are located outside the body, in order to ensure a cooler temperature. Anything that increases their temperature can affect fertility.
For this reason, men should avoid:
- Tight pants
- Tight synthetic underwear
- Sedentary work
- Use of warm baths and sauna
- Prevention and treatment of male genital infections
The inflammation of the prostate gland (prostatitis) as well as of the epididymis (epididymatis) can decrease sperm quality.
For the reasons above, infections and inflammations in the male reproductive system must be diagnosed early and timely managed to avoid the development of permanent damage.
- Testicular injury avoidance
- Therapy against varicocele
Varicocele is the dilation of the venules (small veins) of the testicles. It affects spermatogenesis and can cause infertility.
Treatment is surgical and entails the ligation of the testicular venules via several techniques.