The prostate is a small gland in the male reproductive system.
It is chestnut-shaped and its size increases with age.
It surrounds the urethra at the bladder outlet and is located in front of the rectum.
The prostate gland produces the prostatic fluid, which constitutes approximately 30% of the ejaculated sperm.
Given its position around the urethra and the normal increase in size with age, the prostate gland and its conditions may affect the voiding pattern and cause bothersome symptoms.
The most common pathological conditions of the prostate are:
- Malignant neoplasms (prostate cancer)
- Enlargement (prostate hyperplasia)
- Inflammations (prostatitis)